As the death in the virus-induced fever in north Kerala rises to nine, the National Virology Institute in Pune has confirmed that persons were infected with Nipah virus (NiV). This is the first time the virus, which has high fatality rate and spreads mainly through bats, pigs, and other animals, has been detected in the state.
World Health Organization said There is no Nipah virus vaccine for either humans or animals. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care
What is Nipah virus infection
Genus Henipavirus has five established species. The genetic material of these viruses is RNA (Ribonucleic acid). The natural host of the virus is pteropid fruit bats (flying foxes) and microbats of several species. Recent research says that it is zoonotic pathogens which can cause illness and death in domestic animals and humans is a cause for concern.
20 May 2018, The National Institute of Virology found the presence of the Nipah virus (NiV) in blood samples of two persons died in Kozhikode, India.
It is one of the species of Henipavirus, spread by fruit bats and causing severe disease in both animals and humans.
Firstly, NiV was identified at Malaysia and According to CSIRO, In 1998-99 an outbreak of a new virus (NiV) killed more than 100 people and thousands of pigs in Malaysia.
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WHO Global Niphaand Hendra Risk Image Source WHO
First Outbreak Of Nipah Virus
NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts. However, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In Bangladesh in 2004, humans became infected with NiV as a result of consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats.
Nipah Virus Infection in India
Human-to-human transmission has also been documented, including in a hospital setting. India confirmed its first Nipah outbreak in Siliguri, West Bengal, in 2001, with 66 cases and 45 deaths. The second outbreak in Nadia district in 2007 led to the deaths of all the five persons infected. The death rate in India is a high 70%, with 50 of the 71 people infected dying during the two outbreaks in West Bengal. This is the first Nipah outbreak in Kerala.
Symptoms of Nipah virus infection
NiV infection in humans has a range of clinical presentations, from asymptomatic infection to the acute respiratory syndrome and fatal encephalitis Common character of NiV infection are fever, headache, drowsiness, disorientation, mental confusion.
It has a range of clinical presentations, asymptomatic infection to the acute respiratory syndrome and fatal encephalitis. A person, infected with Nipah virus, may land in the coma within 24-48 hours.
NiV is also capable of causing disease in pigs and other domestic animals.
Prevention & Treatment of Nipah virus infection
As above I stated that There is no Nipah virus vaccine for either humans or animals. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care by WHO.
Scientists are working continually for developing a Nipah Virus vaccine. A recent study reported that human to human transmission of NiV so healthcare workers should follow standard precautions while caring.
Precaution to be taken if found Nipah virus symptoms
Nipah virus infection can be prevented by avoiding exposure to sick pigs and bats in endemic areas and not drinking raw date palm sap and not consuming fruits that have fallen from trees.
Latest Updates – Nipah virus vaccine
Nipah virus outbreak in Kerala under control, says health minister as tests confirm 4 deaths
The Union Health Ministry has rushed a team of experts to Kerala to assist the state control the Nipah virus outbreak
At least nine people are feared to have died in North Kerala from the Nipah virus, an infection which has high fatality rate and spreads mainly through bats, pigs, and other animals, state health officials said.
More deaths have been reported from the area but the cause of these deaths is not known yet.
Nipah virus: Death toll rises to 17, another person succumbs In Kozhikode thenewsminute.com Report
31/May/2018: One more person confirmed to have contracted the Nipah Virus infection passed away in Kerala, taking the death toll to 17.
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The deceased, Rasin (25), who hails from Naduvannur, was earlier tested negative for the virus. His results came back positive after a second test.
Nipah Virus: Be Careful In Consuming Fruits, Says Delhi Government – ndtv.com report
01/June/2018: The government has asked people to “stop consumption of raw date palm sap” and take special precaution when it comes to consuming mangoes that have fallen off trees.
NEW DELHI: In the wake of the spread of Nipah virus in Kerala, the Delhi government today issued an advisory asking people to be cautious, but said that no human infection from the deadly virus has been reported in the national capital.
Read more at ndtv.com
Nipah Virus Claims 2 More Lives In Kerala’s Kozhikode; 15 Deaths Till Now – ndtv.com report
KERALA: HIGHLIGHTS Two more die of Nipah virus in Kerala’s Kozhikode 15 people have died of Nipah virus since the disease was reported A soldier from Kerala died of suspected Nipah virus in Kolkata yesterday
Two more people have died in Kerala of Nipah virus, taking the total number of deaths to 15. Both the cases have been reported from Kozhikode.
The number of confirmed Nipah virus cases has risen to 17 with the National Institute of Virology, Pune, finding its presence in the blood sample of a 28-year-old person from Karassery, the sources said on Wednesday.
Read more at ndtv.com.
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The above article is written and submitted by Science For You team
Author: Sudesh warkare, Date: 21-May-2018
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